The Ellora caves, near Aurangabad in Maharashtra in 6th to 10th century A.D. witnessed the culmination of more than a thousand years of the rock-cutting tradition. The Buddhist, Brahmanical and Jaina caves of Ellora were made on the trade route from nearby Paithan to Ujjain in central India.
The rock-cut caves of India are one of the most magnificent traditions in art. In ancient times, palaces of kings and buildings made in the service of ephemeral personalities were made of perishable materials such as wood. That which was made for the Eternal within us, to aid us on our journey towards self-realization, was carved out of the heart of the mountain.